Welcome to Nationalpark Neusiedler See – Seewinkel, Austrias only steppe-nationalpark! Vast meadows and pastures, saltponds, reedbeds and a rich variety of animal- and plant-species, amongst those about 340 bird-species, are awaiting you!
The steppe lake is situated between the easternmost parts of the Alps and the western part of the Small Hungarian Plain, which is the Seewinkel. The national border between Austria and Hungary cuts right through this natural region. From the biological point of view, this area offers a variety of habitats: Alpine, Pannonic, Asian, Mediterranean, and Nordic influences enrich the extra-ordinary diversity.
A mosaic of cultivated landscapes
Before Neolithic peoples settled down, open oak forests were originally the dominant feature of the Seewinkel landscape. Already at that time, trees were rare at extremely dry or saline patches of the region. Pasturing formed open land and later big herds of domestic animals grazed there, preventing trees from growing.
Centuries of human intervention have shaped the Seewinkel.
A UNESCO World Heritage site, five different landscapes compose the area of the Neusiedler See - Seewinkel National Park:
- To the west the Leithagebirge (Leitha Range) 440 metres high and about 30 km long forms a boundary to the neighbouring province.
- To the north there is the Parndorf Plateau, a 200 km² gravel field, 40 meters above the lake basin
- To the southeast there is the Hanság, for the most part on Hungarian territory; it occupies some 460 km².
- To the east -between the Parndorf Plateau and the Main Regulation Channel (Einserkanal) there is the plain called Seewinkel that covers 450 km².
- Today, the lake covers about 320 km². It is situated at the lowest point of the Small Hungarian Plain, in a basin without outlet, at about 113 metres above sea level.